“¡El surrealismo soy yo!”
Surrealism is an art movement that explores the functioning of the mind, defends the superiority and importance of the unconscious and dreams, and aims to revolutionize the human experience by rejecting rationality.
André Breton, leader of a new grouping of poets and artists in Paris, who, in his Surrealist Manifesto (1924), defined surrealism as:
“Pure psychic automatism, by which one proposes to express, either verbally, in writing, or by any other manner, the real functioning of thought. Dictation of thought in the absence of all control exercised by reason, outside of all aesthetic and moral preoccupation.”.
The current of surrealism emerged as a literary movement in the late 1910s and early 1920s with a new term called “automatism”, which began to release the imagination of the subconscious. Many surrealist artists have begun to use this method of “otamatism” in order to free their minds and consciousness.
Surrealists Artists are tried to direct the unconscious to feed the imagination. They are underestimate rationalism, and influenced by psychoanalysis. The Surreal Artist’s found a magic and beautiful-bizarre in the “unusual”. Surrealists are believed the rational mind aggravated the imagination.
It attracted a lot of attention in Paris in 1924 with the publication of the “Surrealist Manifesto” by poet André Breton (1896–1966), Surrealism became an international intellectual and political movement.
The Icons of Surrealism :
- André Breton
- Joan Miró B.
- Salvador Dalí
- René Magritte B
- Yves Tanguy
- Frida Kahlo
- Max Ernst