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Abstraktes Bild [599] (1986) – Gerhard Richter

Abstract Art

There are many definitions of “Abstract Art”. How exactly is it possible to give a clear definition to an art movement that does not try to represent an accurate representation of a visual reality, but instead uses colors, shapes and forms?

Abstraktes Bild [599] (1986) – Gerhard Richter
Abstraktes Bild [599] (1986) – Gerhard Richter
However, if we try to explain it a little, Abstract painting means that an idea moves away from objective references. In this respect, you can call abstract art non-representative art. And abstract arts are based on the principle of “reality is subjective”. Based on this idea, it is up to the audience to define reality.

Broadway Boogie Woogie (1943) – Piet Mondrian
Broadway Boogie Woogie (1943) – Piet Mondrian

Although the known origin of abstract art is about 100 years old, for some, this began with cave paintings. The first artist to create abstract art as we know it was Wassily Kandinsky.

Abstract Art, did not develop between the World War I. and II. After the Wars, Surrealism, Cubism and Dadaism studies continued in Europe. Alongside this, an energetic school of American abstract painting, called “Abstract Expressionism”, emerged after World War II and had a wide impact.

Composition VII (1913) – Wassily Kandinsky
Composition VII (1913) – Wassily Kandinsky

Types of Abstract Art

  • Minimalist Abstract Art
  • Curvilinear Abstract Art
  • Colour-Related Abstract Art
  • Emotional or Intuitional Abstract Art
  • Gestural Abstract Art
  • Geometric Abstraction

Best Abstract Artists:

  • Wassily Kandinsky 1866-1944
  • Franz Marc 1880-1916
  • Jean Dubuffet 1901 – 1985
  • Piet Mondrian 1872-1944
  • Jackson Pollock 1912-1956
  • Willem De Kooning (1904-1997)

Abstract Art can be seen in many of the best art museums in the world. Important collections are made by the following institutions :

  • Museum of Modern Art (MoMA), New York.
    • Samuel R Guggenheim Museum, New York.
    • Albright-Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo, NY.
    • Tate Gallery, London.
    • Georges Pompidou Centre, Paris.
    • Guggenheim Bilbao.
    • Guggenheim Venice.
    • Kunstmuseum, Basel.